Efficacy of homeopathy in fissures
Fissures are literally defined as crack or split in something that causes long narrow opening. Medically fissures can be present normally or abnormally in the body, like fissure in the cerebral cortex is a normal feature of the body, while fissure in the anus is abnormal.
The two most common types of abnormal fissures that happen in a body are anal fissures and foot fissures.
1. Anal fissure is a small tear in internal thin lining of the anal mucosa, most probably caused due to trauma. Anal fissures are common in infants, but they can happen at any age. Most of the fissures can be healed by simple managements, like increasing fiber intake in food or by taking sitz baths. Sometimes fissures can be painful and may need medical intervention, or in more serious cases surgeries.
Anal fissures can be caused due to hard stools, constant straining while passing stools, prolonged diarrhoea or constipation, anal sex, over tight anal sphincter muscles, poor cleaning habits, pregnancy, cancer of rectum or due to other medical conditions like some inflammatory diseases and STDs.
Sign and symptoms mostly include pain, which might be severe during bowel movements and can last several hours after that. There may be fresh red blood on the stool after passing motions. Persistent burning and itching might also be felt around anus. There may be visible cracks and skin tags around anal opening. If anal fissures become infected it may produce symptoms like increased pain, redness, oozing of fluid from the fissures and fever.
If fissures require any treatment, it usually depends upon the underlying cause. For example if a fissure is due to lack of anal hygiene, then a person can be taught how to maintain it, or if it’s due to persistent constipation or diarrhoea then patient can be advised to make some necessary lifestyle and diet changes. But if the conditions do not improve then medications are necessary.
Homeopathy can cure this condition from roots and has medicines that reduce body tendencies which cause them, and are also capable to curing the underlying causes. Some common medicines prescribed for this condition are- acid nitric, graphites, ratanhia, silica, natrum mur, etc.
2. Foot fissures- These are cracks that typically happen on the heels. They can be caused due to improper foot wears or not wearing them for a very long time. They may also be caused due to excessive dry skin, thyroid problems, skin problems like athlete’s foot, eczema, psoriasis, diabetes, obesity, corns, calluses, etc.
Foot fissures often do not produce any significant symptoms, except pain and discomfort. Other than that, it does not look good in appearance. However, in some cases, condition may become serious when fissures get infected, or if the cracks are deep enough, they may bleed while walking. One should consult a doctor if there is soreness, redness, or severe pain in the fissured heels.
Most of the cases of foot fissures can be cured by following simple management procedures, like applying some moisturising lotions to dry heels, not going barefoot for a long time, using proper fitting shoes etc. But, if still medication is required homeopathy can prove very useful. Medicines like petroleum, graphites, sulphur, lycopodium have proved very efficient when prescribed according to presenting symptoms.