What is vertigo?
A person having vertigo has a feeling of dizziness and lack of balance. It can be explained differently by different people, like some may experience the world is spinning or moving while standing still, while others may feel that they have lack of balance and difficulty in walking. It is not same as motion sickness or lightheadedness, as most people use the terms interchangeably. Vertigo is actually a specific symptom of varying diseases related to inner ear, brain, or sensory nerve pathway.
Vertigo may be a temporary or long term symptom, depending upon the medical condition which is causing it. The treatment of vertigo depends upon the vertigo- associated underlying disease. Acute onset vertigos usually last from 24-48 hrs.
Homeopathy can control vertigo to very extent. Best homeopathy clinic provide individualised treatments in vertigo according to ones associated disease and cause, which give permanent solutions for the problem.
There can be various reasons that lead to vertigo. The diseases usually involve problems in the inner ear or with the central nervous system.
Broadly vertigo can be divided into two categories- peripheral vertigo and central vertigo
Peripheral vertigo is caused due to problem in inner ear or vestibular nerve, while central vertigo is caused due to problem in brain, specifically in cerebellum.
Peripheral vertigo causes
Maximum vertigos that occur come under peripheral vertigo, and their leading causes are-
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)- These are brought on due to specific changes in the position of head.
- Meniere’s disease- This is the disease of the middle ear in which there is formation of fluid in the middle ear, which leads to vertigo, and symptoms like ringing in ears and hearing loss.
- Acute peripheral vestibulopathy- In this there happens acute inflammation of the inner ear, leading to sudden onset of vertigo.
Some rare causes of peripheral vertigo could be
- Perilymphatic fistulas
- Cholesteatoma erosion
Central vertigo causes
Causes that may lead to central vertigo are
- Tumour in the cerebellum
- Multiple sclerosis
Other than these there can be some other conditions that may be associated with vertigo like-
- Head injury
- Ear injury
- Herpes in or around the ears
- Acoustic neuroma
Nausea and dizziness are also very common during pregnancy. It is caused due to hormonal changes during pregnancy as they affect the characteristic of fluid in the body.
Sign and symptoms
- Feeling of spinning or whirling while the person is still
- Loss of balance
- Associated nausea and vomiting
- Stumbling while walking
- Abnormal eye movements(nystagmus)
Some risk factors that increase the chances of getting vertigo are-
- Ear infections, impacting the vestibular nerve
- As a side effect of certain medications like anti seizure medications, blood pressure medications, etc
- Consuming large amount of alcohol at the same time
Diagnosis of vertigo depends upon, whether the person is feeling true vertigo or just the lightheadedness and if it is a central or peripheral vertigo. After determining these factors, doctor may go for tests like CT scan and MRI to rule out certain diseases and confirm the diagnosis.
Vertigo is not itself a disease, but it is mostly a manifestation of some underlying condition or disease. Treatment of vertigo depends upon the vertigo associated disease.
Homeopathy provides effective and successful treatment in most of the causes that lead to vertigo. Patients facing this problem should consult the best homeopathy clinic to get relieved with their symptoms and get permanent cure for the underlying medical conditions.
Some commonly prescribed homeopathic medicines for vertigo are- conium, ferrum met, cocculus, nux vomica, etc.