What is UTI?
Urinary tract is made up of kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. UTI can happen in any part of the tract, but they are more common in the lower tract involving urethra and bladder. Though, UTIs can affect the ureters, kidney and upper tract also. Upper tract infections are very rare and cause more severe symptoms.
UTIs are one of the most common infections that keep happening to the people. Most of the time UTIs are caused because of some bacterias, but can also happen due to some fungi and rarely by viruses.
Women are more prone to develop UTIs as compared to men. The symptoms produced can be very painful and annoying.
Homeopathic medicines can very well treat UTIs. Consulting the homeopathy specialist doctor for this condition can treat the symptoms of UTIs with their root cause.
Urinary tracts are designed to protect the urinary system from microorganisms to enter. This defence mechanism fails sometimes, allowing the bacterias to enter the tract and cause infections.
UTIs are much more common in females and the leading causes of it may include-
- Escherichia coli(E.coli) bacteria is a common inhabitant of gastrointestinal tract. Sometimes due to sexual intercourse or because of the normal anatomy of woman’s pelvis, where there is very short distance between the urethra and the anus, these bacterias reach the urinary tract and cause cystitis. Cystitis refers to the infection and inflammation of the bladder caused due to E.coli.
- Urethritis refers to infection of the urethra. It also happens when the bacterias of gastrointestinal tract reach to urethra from anus.
- Sexually transmitted diseases like herpes, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, can also cause urethritis.
Sign and symptoms
UTIs may b asymptotic, but if they produce symptoms, they depend upon the part of the tract that is infected.
Lower UTIs affect urethra and bladder and produce symptoms like-
- Increased frequency of urination, but incomplete evacuation of bladder and dribbling of urine
- Sensation of burning with urination
- Increased urgency for passing urine
- Passing bloody urine
- Cloudy urine
- Urine having a strong odour
- Pelvic pain in women
- Rectal pain in men
Upper UTIs affect the kidneys. It has potential of becoming a life threatening condition if not treated early. The bacterias if move from the kidney into blood, it may lead to a medical condition, known as urosepsis. This is a very serious condition and can lead to dangerously low blood pressure, shock and death.
Some common symptoms produced during upper UTIs are-
- Pain and tenderness in the upper back region and sides
- Urinary tract infections are more common in women, mostly because of their anatomy. Some common risk factors for a woman to get infected are-
- Female pelvic anatomy- In women the distance between the urethra and anus is very short, making it easy for the bacterias to travel from the GIT to the urethra. Moreover, the size of urethra in women is shorter compared to men, because of which bacterias reach bladder easily in a very short time.
- Certain methods of birth control- Women using diaphragms and spermicidal agents for birth control are more at risk for developing infections.
- Sexual activity- Sexually active women are more prone to developing UTIs. Having multiple sexual partners also increase the risk.
- Menopause- After menopause, the levels of estrogen go down, causing some changes in the urinary tract, which predispose the urethra for the infections.
Other than these some other risk factors may involve-
- Urinary tract abnormalities
- Blockages in the urinary tract
- A suppressed immune system
- Catheter use
- Recent urinary procedure
Doctors may conclude the diagnosis of a UTI with the physical symptoms, but to confirm the findings he may suggest some investigations like-
- Analysing the urine sample in lab to look for WBCs, RBCs and bacteria.
- Analysis followed by urine culture to know the species of bacteria which is causing infection
- CT scan and MRI to know if there are any abnormalities in the urinary tract
- Cystoscopy to confirm the reasons of recurrent infections
Homeopathy has given marvellous results in treating the cases of UTIs. This is the most natural and safe method of treating a disease. In a person with recurrent and chronic infections, Homeopathy specialist doctor can help a person strengthen his disease fighting mechanism, making it strong enough to fight back the microorganisms that cause UTIs.