AVI Homeopathy, Vyas Apartment (A-block), Kumbha Marg, Pratap Nagar, Sanganer, Jaipur (Raj).

What is meningitis?

Meningitis is the inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It is a medical emergency and can lead to permanent disability, and even death.

Infection in the fluid around meninges(membranes) can lead to meningitis. It can be caused by many different pathogens like bacterias, fungi, parasites or viruses, but the most common type is bacterial meningitis. Many types of bacteria can cause meningitis like Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis.

It can affect any one at any stage of life, but it mostly affects babies, preschool children and young people. The disease can spread in small clusters or as epidemic around the world. The largest burden bearer of meningococcal meningitis are the areas of sub- Saharan Africa.

Meningitis caused by bacteria is transmitted from person to person through droplets produced by respiratory or throat secretions. It also spreads by close contacts like kissing, sneezing or coughing on someone.

Meningitis is a medical emergency so best homeopathy specialist doctor should be consulted for the supportive symptomatic treatment, which can save the life of the patient.

 

Causes

Different pathogens like bacterias, viruses and fungi, etc can cause meningitis. They are listed below-

Bacterial meningitis

Bacterial meningitis can be caused by direct invasion to the meninges like in ear or sinus infection, skull fracture, or some surgeries. Bacteria may affect indirectly by entering into the bloodstream, then travelling to brain and spinal cord, causing acute bacterial meningitis.

Different strains of bacteria that can cause bacterial meningitis are-

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae(pneumococcus)
  • Neisseria meningitidis(meningococcus)
  • Haemophillus influenzae (haemophilus)
  • Listeria monocytogenes(listeria)

Viral meningitis

Viral meningitis is a mild disease and usually subsides by its own. It is commonly caused by viruses like-

  • Enteroviruses
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • HIV
  • Mumps
  • West Nile virus, etc

Fungal meningitis

Fungal meningitis is relatively uncommon. It is non contagious and mostly affects immunocompromised patients like AIDS. Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common fungus to cause the infection. It can be a life threatening condition if not treated.

Chronic meningitis

Pathogens causing slow infections like fungi and mycobacterium tuberculae affect the membranes and the fluid around them causing chronic meningitis. This condition develops slowly and may take upto two weeks or more for the symptoms to appear. The common symptoms produced are-

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Mental cloudiness

Other causes of meningitis

Non infectious causes like chemical reactions, drug allergies, some types of cancers and inflammatory diseases like sarcoidosis may also cause meningitis.

 

Sign and symptoms

The symptoms of bacterial meningitis are more serious as compared to viral meningitis. Sign and symptoms also vary according to the age of the patient.

Symptoms of viral meningitis

Viral meningitis produce symptoms like-

  • Headaches
  • Fever
  • Neck stiffness
  • Seizures
  • Sleepiness
  • Sensitivity to bright light
  • Lethargy
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Decreased appetite

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis

  • Altered mental status
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Stiffness in neck
  • Sleepiness
  • Lethargy
  • purple patches on the skin that look like bruises

Symptoms produced by fungal meningitis

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Confusion or disorientation

Symptoms produced by viral and bacterial meningitis can be very serious and may need immediate medical intervention, so symptoms should never be avoided.

 

Diagnosis

Doctor or paediatrician can diagnose meningitis by carefully taking the medical history and doing physical examination. During investigation doctor may look for signs of infection around the head, ears, throat, and skin along the spine.

Doctor may suggest for some medical examinations to confirm the diagnosis and cause, like-

  • Blood sample to culture the microorganism or do slide test to do gram staining to know the strain of bacteria.
  • MRI or CT scan to look for the inflammation in the brain and spinal cord.
  • Lumbar culture

 

Homeopathic treatment

Homeopathy can play a very efficient supportive role in meningitis. Meningitis can be life threatening, so the best homeopathy specialist doctor should be consulted for the supportive homeopathic medicines along with the conventional medicines.

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