What is malaria?
Malaria is a vector borne life threatening disease, which is transmitted by infected female anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria is caused due to a parasite of genus plasmodium, which is present in the saliva of the infected mosquitoe. The parasite is released in the bloodstream of the person, when bitten by these mosquitoes.
After entering into the body, the parasites reach the liver and mature. After maturing the parasites enter the bloodstream and start multiplying inside the red blood cells. After 48 to 72 hours and changing several forms inside the red blood cells, they finally burst open the RBCs and get released. Parasites then move toward the other red blood cells to repeat the same cycle. This cycle of parasites within the red blood cells are responsible for the cyclic symptoms experienced by the patient.
There are about 100 species of plasmodium, but only 5 are responsible for causing malaria. They occur in different parts of the world, and are most common in tropical and subtropical countries.
Homeopathic medicines can be effectively used for treating the symptoms of malaria. Best homeopathy doctor can prevent the disease from changing into life threatening forms.
As discussed, malaria is caused due to bite of female anopheles mosquito, when it is infected with plasmodium parasite.
There are four species of plasmodium which are known to cause malaria, namely Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium malariae.
Out of these, Plasmodium falciparum is considered to cause most dangerous and severe form of malaria. This parasite can be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby while giving birth, then it is known as congenital malaria.
Malaria has been known to be transmitted through blood, so may also be caused by organ transplant, blood transfusions and using shared needles or syringes.
Sign and Symptoms
People having malaria, experience a classic cycle of symptoms, characterised by malarial attacks. This cycle of attacks usually begin with shivering and chills, followed by high fever, then excessive sweating and finally returning to normal temperatures.
This classic cyclic symptoms of malaria attack need not be found in all the patients who are suffering with malaria. Some more common symptom that may be present in a patient are-
- High fever
- Excessive sweating
- Nausea and vomiting
- Chest or abdominal pain
- Pain in muscles and sense of fatigue
Most important risk factor for developing malaria is, living in the places where the disease is common. There are different varieties of malarial parasite, but the ones which cause severe forms of malaria are found in
- African countries
- Asian subcontinent
- New Guinea, a Dominican Republic and Haiti
Older people and young children are more at risk for developing malaria. Travellers travelling in the areas endemic to malarial parasites are also at risk for getting this disease.
Malaria caused by certain varieties of parasite are fatal. According to WHO about 91% of malarial deaths occur in Africa. Mortality is common if the patient suffering is below the age of 5.
Most of the time the complications and deaths that occur in malaria are due to one or more reasons stated below-
- Cerebral malaria- Where parasites filled RBCs block the small blood vessels in the brain.
- Breathing problems- Due to pulmonary oedema
- Organ failure- Malaria may cause kidney, liver failure and rupturing of spleen
- Anaemia- Due to destruction of the red blood cells
- Low blood sugar- Severe malaria can cause low blood sugar. Moreover, quinine, the drug used to treat malaria has also been known to reduce sugar, resulting into coma or death.
Homeopathy can combat the symptoms of malaria very efficiently. Homeopathic medicines can reduce the severity of symptoms produced during malaria. Homeopathy can improve the immunity of the body and help it to fight any microorganism that enters the body.
Consulting the best homeopathy doctor can not only help improving the symptoms produced, but also control the disease from reaching any severe forms.