What is Keloid?
Keloids are the result of abnormal scar formation. After any injury, a fibrous tissue, called scar develops on the site of injury to repair the wound. Sometimes, there occurs extra growth in scar tissue, resulting in formation of smooth hard growths, which are known as keloids.
Most of the times, keloids become larger than the original excision site. Keloids can develop on any part of the body, but they are mostly formed on chest, shoulders, earlobe’s and cheek. People who have dark skin are more predisposed in developing keloids. They are not harmful for health, but may not look good cosmetically if present on the exposed areas of the body.
It is not exactly known, why a keloid is formed, but it is suggested that abnormal behaviour of the cells related to proliferation and inflammation, may result into its formation.
Most of the skin injuries can result into keloid formation for example-
- Ear piercing
- Chicken pox scars
- Surgical incision sites
- Vaccination sites, etc
Keloids may take weeks to months for full development. They are larger than the original wound and symptoms may include
- A skin coloured or red, itchy bump on the skin, which gradually increases in size at the point where wound was present.
- There may be presence of discomfort or tenderness from the clothing at the point where scar is present.
- Rarely, a keloid may develop on a large area of the body, which might restrict movements.
Men and women have equal tendencies of developing keloid, but people with darker skin are 15 times more prone to having them. Other than that, people who have Asian, latin or Hispanic ethnicity are at greater risk.
The tendency of having keloids are inherited genetically, meaning, if anyone’s mother or father is having keloid, he/she is likely to develop keloid on wounds.
According to research, it is found that people who have AHNAK gene are more prone of developing keloid, as compared to people who don’t have it. Some researchers say, that a mutation in gene NEDD4, also predispose a person to keloid formation.
Difference between a Keloid & Hypertrophic Scars
Keloid and hypertrophic scars are many times confused for one another, but hypertrophic scars are confined to the margins of the wound and regress spontaneously. They are flat, thickened scars, which are pink to brown in colour. Hypertrophic scars have equal occurrence in people of all descents. These scars can be itchy and painful in the starting, but symptoms usually subside as the skin heals.
Homeopathic Treatment for keloid
In conventional way of treatment, most of the time surgeries are recommended, but excision of a keloid has a high rate of recurrences with formation of larger keloids in future.
Homeopathy, on the other hand proves very useful in regressing the keloid and reducing the tendency of the body in developing such abnormal scars. Homeopathy believes that any external manifestation is often due to the disturbance caused inside the body. It believes on treating the internal cause and remove the disease from its roots.
In diseases like keloid, one does not need to visit clinics physically, patients can consult best homeopathic doctors for skin through available online portals and get the homeopathy specialist doctor for any medical conditions. If the patient does not feel confident about online consultation, these portals also provide information about the best homeopathic clinic in your locality. People just need to search by writing ‘top homeopathic doctors near me’ and get the list of homeopathy specialist doctors who are nearby.
Some of the best and most common homeopathic medicines used to treat keloids are acid nitric, fluoric acid, silicea, graphites, causticum, etc.