What is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes, refers to a group of conditions that determine how the body utilises the blood sugar, glucose.
When a person consumes carbohydrates, it gets converted into glucose, that enters into the bloodstream. A hormone, known as insulin is released by the pancreas, that help the glucose to move inside the cells from the blood. Glucose is an important source of energy for the cells to make up the muscles and the tissues. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the brain also.
In the case of diabetes, either the body does not make enough insulin to move the glucose inside the cells, or there is enough insulin, but the body is not able to utilise it efficiently. Any of these conditions can result in rise of sugar in the blood. It may cause very serious health conditions, and damage nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs. In some cases, it may even prove to be life threatening.
Causes and sign and symptoms of diabetes may vary according to its type. Different types of diabetes are-
- Type 1 diabetes- This is an autoimmune disease, in which the body itself starts destroying the cells in pancreas, that are responsible for producing insulin, thus the level of insulin falls in the body. The exact cause of this medical condition is still unknown.
- Type 2 diabetes- In this type, the level of insulin is normal, but the body itself becomes resistant towards it. This causes a shoot up of blood sugar in the body.
- Pre-diabetic- This is the condition in which the blood sugar in the body has risen above the normal levels, but has not increased enough, to be categorised in type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes- During pregnancy, placenta produces some insulin blocking hormones, that can increase the sugar level in the blood, and can result in gestational diabetes, during pregnancy.
There are different causes for different types if diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes- The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is still not known, but it is thought that genetic and environmental factors have to play a role in causing it.
- Type 2 diabetes- Again genetic and lifestyle factors are thought to play a role in causing type 2 diabetes. Obesity and being overweight has been seen to increase to risk of diabetes. Too much weight on the belly has been associated with increasing body’s resistance towards the insulin. Along with that it has also been seen running in the families.
- Gestational diabetes- This type has been more commonly seen in women who are overweight, when they get pregnant, or put on too much weight during pregnancy.
Signs & Symptoms
People who are pre diabetic or suffering with type 1 diabetes, may not experience sign and symptoms of diabetes early, but type 2 diabetes symptoms are very quick and may be much severe.
Some common sign and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are-
- Unintentional weight loss
- Extreme hunger
- Increased frequency of urination
- Passing of ketones in the urine
- Increased thirst
- Blurring of vision
- Slow healing sores
- Frequent infections
In long term, people may develop complications like-
- Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, like atherosclerosis, stroke, heart attack, etc.
- Neuropathy, especially in the legs
- Nephropathy, that may lead to kidney failure.
- Retinopathy, that may cause cataracts and glaucoma, and may even cause blindness.
- Increased skin susceptibility toward bacterias and virus.
- Hearing impairments
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Excess growth in babies, born to gestational diabetic mothers.
For diagnosing prediabetics and diabetics, doctors may ask to go for blood sugar tests-
- Fasting blood glucose, after 8 hours of fasting and post prandial two hours after full meal.
- A1C test can provide the picture of blood glucose level in 3 months of the patient.
Homeopathic Treatment for Diabetes Mellitus
Homeopathic medicines are individualised for every patient, in the case of diabetes. The medicines are chosen after careful case taking, considering mental, emotional and physical aspects of the person.
Homeopathic medicines naturally cure the under cause of the disease, and provide permanent treatment in the case of diabetes, unless the case has been complicated by functional changes.