What is Depression?
Depression, also called as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, is a type of mood disorder. A person in depression has persistent feeling of sadness, loss, anger and loss of interest, that interferes in carrying out day to day activities. Depression affects person’s feelings, his behaviour and thinking, that may cause variety of emotional and physical problems. A depressed person may develop a feeling that the life isn’t worth living.
Depression can affect a person in various ways. It can interfere with person’s daily activities, and result in decline of daily productivity at work or waste of time. It may affect relationships of a person, or influence any chronic medical condition. The diseases like arthritis, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, obesity, etc can get worse due to depression.
Depression is just a feeling, but a person suffering with it cannot just jump out of it. Feeling low is a a common emotion, it happens to almost everyone sometimes in the life, but if that feeling is persistent, a person might be in depression.
A person suffering with depression, needs psychological and medical support to come out of the situation. It is a treatable condition, and the person may become normal with counselling and treatment within a few weeks.
Like any other mental illnesses, it is difficult to diagnose what exactly causes depression, but it may happen due to combination of variety of factors, like-
- Family history- People having family history of depression, or any other mental illnesses, are more at risk for developing this condition.
- Brain chemistry- According to researchers, changes in the functions of neurotransmitters, also has a role in depression, as they are associated with mood changes.
- Brain structure- It has been observed, people with less active frontal lobe, more often suffer with depression.
- Hormones- Its been observed that the hormonal changes also play a role in depression, like during pregnancy and post parturition period.
- Early childhood trauma- It may influence the body, how it reacts in some stressful and fear situations.
- Medical illnesses- Certain medical conditions may increase the risk of depression, like chronic illness, insomnia, ADHD, etc.
- Drug abuse- Overuse of any drug or alcohol increases the risk.
The other factors that may increase the risk for getting depressed are-
- Any personal history of mental illnesses
- Certain medications
- Low self esteem
- Stressful events in the life, like divorce, loss of loved one and economic problems.
Signs & Symptoms
Depression usually affects a person only once in a lifetime, however some people experience multiple episodes. The common sign and symptoms include-
- Feeling of loneliness, emptiness and hopelessness
- Anger outbursts, with frustration on very small matters
- Loss in pleasure and interest in normal activities, like sports, sex, social gatherings, etc
- Disturbed sleep cycles
- Tiredness, with lack of energy
- Reduction or increase in weight
- Anxiety and restlessness
- Slowing down of thinking and speaking
- Difficulty in concentration and decision making
- Suicidal thoughts and attempts
- Unexplained physical problems, like headache or body ache
Doctor may perform several tests to confirm the diagnosis, like physical examination to know if the person is suffering from any long term medical condition. Lab tests to see if the person is having and thyroid disorder. Psychiatric evaluation might be needed to study the mental condition and behavioural patterns of the patient.
Homeopathic Treatment for Depression
Homeopathic medicine is selected on the constitutional basis for the cases of depression. The underlying root cause of the condition is carefully investigated while case taking of the patient. The medicines prescribed on the constitutional basis consider mental and emotional symptoms of the patient, along with the physical ones.
The homeopathic medicines go deep enough to work on the root cause of depression in the patient, and work on the mental front efficiently to calm down the emotional disturbances that patient is experiencing.