What is COPD?
COPD refers to a group of progressive inflammatory lung diseases, which obstruct the airflow from the lungs. The most common diseases that come under this are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Most of the times both these conditions occur together in a person, varying in severity of the symptoms from person to person.
In emphysema, the air sacs at the end of the bronchioles get destroyed, resulting in interference with the oxygen exchange.
In chronic bronchitis, the inner lining of the bronchial tubes gets inflamed. The bronchial tubes are responsible for carrying out the flow of air in and out from the alveolis of the lung, so they again interfere with the flow of air inside the lungs.
Both these conditions result into symptoms like difficulty in breathing, cough, mucous, and wheezing in the lungs.
The most common cause of COPD is tobacco smoking. Exposure to chemical irritants for long periods of time may also lead to this condition. This is a slow progressing disease and may takes years to develop before giving symptoms.
COPD can be permanently cured with homeopathy. Homeopathic medicines from the homeopathy specialist doctor have been found to be very effective in reducing as well as reversing the damage done in the lungs because of this disease.
The most common cause for developing COPD in people is smoking. People who are affected with COPD are atleast 40 years old, and almost all have a history of smoking in the past. The chances of developing COPD increase if the person has asthma along with the habit of smoking.
In the developing countries, people who are continually exposed to the fumes from burning fuel for cooking in poorly ventilated homes are also predisposed for developing COPD in future.
Researchers have observed that some people with COPD have deficiency of a protein called alpha1 antitrypsin in their body. The deficiency of this protein deteriorates the functioning of the lungs and the liver and thus contribute in developing COPD. This suggests that genetic factors may also have a role to play in causing COPD.
COPD is a slowly progressing disease, and the symptoms usually do not appear till significant damage is done in the lungs. The symptoms may keep on getting worse, if smoking is not discontinued.
The sign and symptoms may include-
- Shortness of breath while taking exhersion
- Feeling of tightness in chest
- Chronic productive cough, with clear, white, yellow or green mucous
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Weight loss
- Swelling in ankles, feet or legs
People having COPD also experience episodes of worsening of conditions from day to day symptoms, which may persist for several days. These episodes are known as exacerbations.
Risk factors may include-
- Long term exposure to cigarette smoke
- People already having asthma, when exposed to smoking are more at risk for developing this condition
- People who are occupationally exposed to dusts and chemicals
- People exposed to fumes of burning fuel
- Genetic disorder in which there is deficiency of protein alpha1 antitrypsin in their body.
Person may develop complications like-
- Frequent respiratory infections like flu and pneumonia
- Increase risk of heart problems, including heart attack
- Lung cancer
- High blood pressure in lung arteries
COPD is difficult to be diagnosed, until the symptoms become severe in late stages. The doctor will look into the medical history of the patient along with physical examination to look for the sign and symptoms of COPD.
To confirm the diagnosis, doctor may advice for some tests like-
- Pulmonary function tests
- Chest x-ray
- CT scan
- Arterial blood gas analysis
Homeopathy proves to be very useful and successful in treatment of COPD. The medicines work very efficiently in minimising the symptoms produced. The homeopathy specialist doctor will give individualised medicine, which can minimise the symptoms, as well as revert back the damage done to the tissues to some extent.