What are bunions?
Bunions are the the bony bump characterised by the enlargement or prominence of the bones at the metatarsal phalangeal joint of the big toe. It is the joint where the base of the big toe meets the foot. The bones in the front part of the foot move out of place resulting in the pulling of the tip of the big toe towards the smaller toe. This misalignment of the joint and rotation towards the small toes is medically termed as Hallux abducto valgus deformity.
This is a slow progressing condition, and the deformity will progress, whether it presents with any symptom or not. The area where the bunion is present may become red and inflamed with tenderness. Sometimes a fluid filled sac, called bursa may also be formed adjacent to the affected joint and lead to further swelling, pain and redness, known as bursitis.
Smaller toes may also sometimes develop this condition which are relatively small in size and are known bunionettes.
For regression of the bump and permanent relief in symptoms, patients can look for best homeo clinic, as homeopathy provides very effective and natural treatment in such cases.
Specific causes of bunion are unknown, but the experts believe that it is caused due to multiple factors, like
- Inherited foot type
- Abnormal foot function, such as overpronation
- Abnormal anatomy of the metatarsal phalangeal joints
- Foot stress and injuries
- Deformities present since birth
- Genetic factors
Tight and narrow foot wears may not directly cause bunions, but they contribute in worsening the conditions, increasing pain, redness and swelling of the affected area.
Some less common causes that may result in formation of bunions are
- Injuries, such as sprains, fracture and nerve injuries
- Neuromuscular disorders
- Limb length deformities, like one leg shorter than the other
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Sign and Symptoms
Bunions may not produce any significant symptoms on the beginning of the disease, but eventually the bulging bump on the outside of the base of big toe may start causing
- Foot pain, which may become chronic if the severe bunion may lead to arthritic conditions in the toes.
- Redness, swelling and soreness on the affected area
- Development of calluses and blisters due to repeated friction and pressure on the misaligned joint due to ill fitting shoes
- Joint stiffness
- Swelling of the soft tissues around the affected area
- Women are 10 times more at risk that men for developing this disorder
- Wearing high heels predispose women to develop bunions
- Ill fitting shoes directly do not cause bunions but do increase the risk
- People having rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to develop bunions
- People who have hereditary problem with the anatomy of the foot are at higher risk for developing bunion in future
Bunions may lead to complications like-
- Bursitis- In this, there is formation of fluid filled sacs adjacent to the affected area, which may add on to the inflammation, pain and redness in the area
- Hammertoe- In this there occurs an abnormal bend in the middle joint of the toe(usually the one next to the big toe), which results in more pressure and pain.
- Metatarsalgia- This is the condition that causes pain and swelling in the ball of the toe.
Bunions can be diagnosed by physical examinations in the clinic. To confirm the diagnosis doctor may suggest for an x-ray of the toe to determine the exact condition and advice treatment accordingly.
Homeopathic medicines can provide complete cure in the case of bunions. Homeopathic medicines work naturally for reducing the swelling and pain around the big toes.
To get the individualised homeopathic medicines for complete cure, patient should reach out for the best homeo clinic in one’s approach. Some most common homeopathic medicines for treatment of bunions are benzoin acid, silicea, hypericum, rhus tox, ruta, etc.