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This disease is observed in a child at the initial three years with various neurological disorders. Autism results in improper functioning of a brain & lack of communication skills both at personal and in society level.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neuro development disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped pattern of behavior. It also affects how they make sense of the world around them. Autism is a wide-spectrum disorder. This means that no two people with autism will have exactly the same symptoms. As well as experiencing varying combinations of symptoms, some people will have mild symptoms while others will have severe ones. Experts believe that autism presents itself during the first three years of a person's life. The condition is the result of a neurological disorder that has an effect on normal brain function, affecting the development of the person's communication and social interaction skills. For many children, symptoms improve with treatment and with age. Children whose language skills relapse early in life before the age of 3 appear to have a higher than normal risk of developing epilepsy or seizure-like brain activity. During adolescence, some children with an ASD may become depressed or experience behavioral problems, and their treatment may need some modification as they transition to adulthood. People with an ASD usually continue to need services and supports as they get older, but many are able to work successfully and live independently. Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD, while other conditions along the spectrum include a milder form known as asperger syndrome, and childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified.

Symptoms

The severity of symptoms varies greatly, but all people with autism have some core symptoms in the areas of:

  1. Significant problem developing nonverbal communication skills, such as facial expressions, and body posture.
  2. Lack of empathy, people with autism may have difficulty understanding another person's feelings, such as pain or sorrow.
  3. Failure to establish friendships.
  4. Lack of interest in sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people.
  5. Delay in learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak.
  6. The higher the severity of the autism, the more affected speaking skills.
  7. Problems taking steps to start a conversation and also continuing a conversation after it has begun.
  8. Repetitive use of language.
  9. Difficulty understanding their listener's perspective
  10. An unusual focus on pieces. Such as the wheels on a car, rather than playing with the entire toy.
  11. Worry with certain topics.
  12. A need for similarity and routines such as insist on driving the same route every day to school.
  13. Stereotyped behaviors. These may include body rocking and or complex, such as self-caressing, crossing, and uncrossing of legs and etc.

Causes and risk factors

The exact cause of autism is unknown in most cases. But research has pointed to several factors, including genetics, environmental, immunologic and metabolic or neurological factors and certain types of infections. Genetic predisposition to autism means that the condition may be passed on from parents to children. Although ASD varies significantly in character and severity, it occurs in all races and socioeconomic groups and affects every age group. Statistically, autism affects more males than females, but the reasons for this remain unclear.

Diagnosis

AVI Homeopathy Hospital & Research Center is doing very well for the growth and development of each and every child. It is done by providing best and effective treatment for various diseases. Presently, we don’t have a medical test that can diagnose autism. When a developmental delay is recognized in a child, further testing can help a doctor find out whether the problem is related to autism. An accurate diagnosis must be based on observation of the individual’s communication, social interaction, and his or her activities and interests. Doctor asks questions related to your child behavior, medical history such as developmentally delayed and family history and also a Physical assessment, including hearing tests, head circumference, weight and height measurements, to determine whether the child has a normal growth pattern. Other tests may be used to determine whether a physical problem may be causing symptoms. These tests include an electroencephalograph (EEG), MRI and Hearing tests.